Canadian Citizenship


Who can apply
To be eligible to become a Canadian citizen, you must:

  • be a permanent resident
  • have lived in Canada for 3 out of the last 5 years
  • have filed your taxes, if you need to
  • pass a test on your rights, responsibilities and knowledge of Canada
  • prove your language skills

There are additional or different requirements if you are:

  • applying for a minor (under age 18)
  • a Canadian applying for your adopted child born outside Canada
  • a current or former Canadian Armed Forces (CAF) member applying under the fast- track process
  • a past Canadian citizen who want your Canadian citizenship back (including current and former CAF members)

You likely are a Canadian citizen if you…

  • 1. were born in Canada
  • 2. became a citizen because of changes to the Citizenship Act
  • 3. applied for and received your Canadian citizenship (became a naturalized citizen)
  • 4. received Canadian citizenship as a minor when a parent or legal guardian naturalized you by applying for your citizenship
  • 5. were born outside Canada and at least one of your parents was:
    a) born in Canada
    b) naturalized in Canada before your birth